accounting system and processes

Part A – Accounting and spreadsheet (60 marks)
On 1 Oct 2018, Andrew Brown opened Nundle Services, a small business offering maintenance services in New South Wales. During the month of October, the business incurred the following transactions:

2 Oct, Andrew invested $50,000 cash in the business, which is organised as a sole trader.
3 Oct, got a 5 year loan for $30,000 from the ANZ bank, interest is 5% pa.
4 Oct, purchased and paid for equipment worth $51,000. Monthly depreciation will be $850.
5 Oct, purchased supplies for $6,500 on credit.
8 Oct, paid Oct office rent of $7,200.
10 Oct, Brown withdrew $2,000 for personal purposes.
17 Oct, paid an invoice of $4,500 for advertising
25 Oct, paid one year of insurance for $5,600

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Additional information at 31 Oct:

Supplies on hand was $3,100
Services revenue of $22,500 must be accrued
Monthly payroll is $11,500 and paid once a month on Friday after the month ended. 31 Oct 2018 was on Wednesday.
Some customers advanced $10,500 for maintenance services to be provided next month but this amount hasn’t been recorded.


Provide journal entries for all transactions that occurred during October 2018. (8 marks)
Open T-accounts and post all journal entries to the T-accounts. Total all of the T-accounts to determine their balances at the end of the month. Provide your handwritten solution – scan or use your phone to copy and paste its image into your assignment. You can use a free scanning app such as Camscanner, OfficeLens, or Google Drive. (10 marks)
Based on balances from the T-accounts, prepare the trial balance by using an Excel spreadsheet. Present your answers in a normal view, showing columns and rows. (4 marks)
What are temporary and permanent accounts? From your trial balance, choose four permanent and four temporary accounts. (4 marks)
From your trial balance, choose two accounts with normal debit balances and two accounts with normal credit balances. (2 marks)
What are adjusting entries? Why do we have to do adjusting entries? Provide all adjusting entries for Nundle Services in October. (9 marks)
Using your trial balance in the preceding question and Excel spreadsheet, prepare the ten column worksheet for the month ended 31 October. In the spreadsheet, you are required to have a data section separated from a report section. Use an IF function for Profit or Loss. Present your answers in both normal and formula views, showing columns and rows. (10 marks)
Using the spreadsheet, prepare three financial reports. Present your answers in both normal and formula views. (9 marks)
Calculate and evaluate the firm’s current and debt ratios. (4 marks)

Part B – History of accounting (15 marks)
Double-entry bookkeeping developed by word of mouth and the distribution of books. Pacioli’s book was the first on the subject and so it is no wonder that it became so widely known. The books on the subject which came after Pacioli’s were essentially copies, translations or very similar in their origin and with a tendency to fit their material to the ‘Method of Venice’” (Mann, 1994, p. 20).
Write an essay (about 800 words) to discuss the above quotation in relation to the history of the development of accounting and the role of Pacioli’s book (on double-entry bookkeeping).
You are required to use at least two reading resources in Interact2 that relate to the history of accounting.
Part C – Ethics (15 marks)
Watch the video below:

Use the video, reading resources in Interact2 and other resources on the internet that relate to the case to write a business report (about 600 words) addressing the issues below:

What is the case about?
What are the five Fundamental Principles of Ethics in accounting? Describe them.
Using the facts of the case to provide examples for each of the five principles
In the case, which and how are the principles of ethics violated?

You are required to use the format of a business report, and provide at least one reference from the readings in Interact2 and two references from the accounting resources on the Internet.

Presentation – 10 marks 
You are required to provide a quality presentation the total assignment including referencing throughout and a bibliography. Details are listed under the presentation and spreadsheet

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