Assumptions and Implications

1 The difference between a fork and a family fork in chess has to do with __________

A. the type of pieces under attack

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B. the type of attacking pieces

C. the number of attacked pieces

D. the number of attacking pieces

2 WHITE: K-E1; R-A1; B-C5; B-D5; N-G6; BLACK: K-G8; PAWNS: G7; H6; The black king is facing a _______

A. stalemate

B. check only

C. checkmate

3 WHITE: K-H1; N-C5; Q-C7; BLACK: K-A8; R-B7;White to move. Which of the following moves captures a black piece and at the same time delivers a checkmate?

A. Q-b7

B. N-b7

4 WHITE: K-E1; PAWNS: D2, F2, H2; BLACK: K-E8; Q-A4; N-F4; B-G2; PAWNS: D3, F3, H3;The white king is facing _________

A. Checkmate

B. Stalemate

5 WHITE: K-E1; R-A1; R-H1; PAWNS: A2, B3, D3, E2, G2, H2; BLACK: K-E8; N-E3; B-A5; R-F6; PAWNS: A7, C7, F7, G7, H7; White to move. What is White’s condition?

A. No problem! It is fine!

B. It is facing a check, but not checkmate.

C. It is facing a checkmate! Game over!

D. It has no moves. Stalemate!

6 WHITE: K-E1; R-A5; R-H5; PAWNS: A2, B2, C3, G2, H2; BLACK: K-E8; B-F8; PAWNS: B7, D7, E7, F7, G7; White to move. Which move will deliver a back-rank checkmate to black? (See chess text, p. 41)

A. R-h8

B. R-a8

7 WHITE: K-E1; Q-D1; B-C1; N-B1; R-A1; PAWNS: A2, B2, C2, D2, E2, F2; BLACK: K-E8; R-A8; R-H8; N-F6; PAWNS: A7, C7, E7, F7; Black to move. Is white facing the threat of a back-rank checkmate?

A. Yes.

B. No.

8 WHITE: K-E1; R-A1; B-D3; PAWNS: A2, B2, C2, G2, H2; BLACK: K-E8; Q-E6; N-E5; N-F5; PAWNS: A7, C7, E7, F7; Black to move. Which of the following moves delivers a discovered check to white?

A. N-h4

B. N-g4

9 WHITE: K-G8; Q-A1; R-B3; R-D5; N-E2; B-H1; BLACK: K-H2; B-C4; B-B6;

White to move and checkmate black in one move. Which move?

A. R-h5

B. R-h3

C. Q-g1

D. Q-h8

10 A criminal is about to be sentenced to death by hanging or drowning. Before his sentencing, he is allowed to make a statement about his own impending mode of death by hanging or drowning. He is also allowed to say that his life will be spared. However, if the jury can falsify his statement about his impending mode of death, he will be hanged, and if they can make his statement about his impending mode of death true, he will be drowned. If his statement confuses the jury, his life will be spared. What should he say to confuse the jury and save his life?

A. He should say “I will be hanged.”

B. He should say “I will be drowned.”

C. He should say “I will be spared.”

11 A relative pin is __________

A. a pin relative to the king

B. a pin in which the attacked piece can move

C. a pin in which the attacked piece cannot move

D. a pin relative to the queen

12 An absolute pin is _________

A. a pin which delivers a checkmate

B. a pin in which the attacked piece cannot move

C. a pin which delivers a stalemate

D. a pin relative to the queen

13 WHITE: K-H1; R-B7; N-C6; BLACK: K-A8; R-A7; B-B8;

White to move. Which move delivers a capture checkmate (capture of a black piece + checkmate) to black?

A. R-a7

B. N-a7

C. N-b8

D. R-b8

14 In the “Red-Headed League”, Holmes deduced that Jabez Wilson was a Freemason by observing that he had ______

A. a freemason cross hanging his neck

B. the Freemason Bible in his hands

C. an arc-and-compass breastpin

D. a blue Freemason ring on his right hand

15 According to Holmes, the central information which helped him to solve the puzzle of the Red-Headed League was __________

A. the money paid to Wilson to stay at the office of the red-headed league

B. the women working in Wilson’s store

C. Clay vanishing regularly into the cellar

D. Clay’s fondness for photography

16 In The Red-Headed League, Holmes states that “I was ascertaining whether the cellar stretched out in front or behind. It was not in front.” (p. 223) Which form of deduction is Holmes using here?

A. Modus Ponens

B. Modus Tollens

C. Disjunctive Syllogism

D. Hypothetical Syllogism

17 In the vampire’s second story, what reason does Vikram give to support his claim that the person who kept the bones of the princess is not entitled to become her spouse?

A. he did what a parent ought to do

B. he did what a sibling ought to do

C. he did what a son what ought to do

D. he did what a stranger ought to do

18 “The Bible declares that Jesus is God. So, Jesus is God.” The assumption in this argument is_______________

A. Jesus is God.

B. The Bible is correct.

C. The Bible stated that Jesus is God.

D. God doesn’t exist.

19 “Iran is developing technology which can help in making a nuclear weapon. So, Iran must be prevented from making a nuclear weapon.” What is the assumption in this reasoning? (Pl. understand “assumption” in the sense in which it is defined in the reading on “Assumptions and Implications” in the module on “Elements of Analysis”)

A. Iran is developing technology which can help in making a nuclear weapon.

B. Iran must be prevented from making a nuclear weapon.

C. It is not permissible for Iran to make a nuclear weapon.

D. Iran will use the nuclear weapon against America.

20 “All states which have used chemical and nuclear weapons against other nations are a serious threat to world peace. The US has used chemical and nuclear weapons against other nations. Therefore, the US is a serious threat to world peace.” What sort of an argument is this? (See reading on “Types of Argument” in the folder on “Elements of Analysis”)

A. Deductive argument

B. Inductive argument

21 “Serious financial crises or wrongdoing have occurred during the reign of Republican administrations in the U.S. So, it is probable that a serious financial crisis or wrongdoing will occur during the reign of the next Republican administration in the U.S.” What sort of an argument is this?

A. Deductive argument

B. Inductive argument

22 “Bush is a Martian. Therefore, Bush is an alien.” Is this an argument? (Note: This question is not asking whether it’s a good argument.)

A. Yes!

B. No!

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