Business Report Qantas Airways

BUSINESS REPORT ON QANTAS AIRLINES
Firstly, Qantas has currently been incurring in an ethical issue, because it has reduced in almost 50 % its staff in order to obtain better profits, however, the flight safety has been affected due to this maintenance downsizing, also Qantas share price analysis determines that although the stock had a downturn three years ago, it has begun to rise now. However, the result of this report is that Qantas is not an appropriate company to invest now due to the low share price behavior and maintenance airplane’s issue.
INTRODUCTION

The purpose of this report is to evaluate whether Qantas airways is a suitable company for ethical investment. This evaluation is divided into two aspects, ethical investing and share price performance in order to make a recommendation to clients. Currently, companies have begun to make decisions on basis of moral assumptions such as social consideration, environmental concerns, and ethical reporting with the purpose of selecting ethical investment and achieving a competitive financial return. According to Michelson, this recent behavior is called ethical investment (Australia and United Kingdom) and socially responsible investment ( United States) and this is a main topic in the financial industry due to the gained importance during the last years. Qantas is the largest domestic and international airline that was established in Australia in 1920. Now, Qantas is a business group of customer’s transportation, which is formed by two complementary airline brands (Qantas and Jetstar). The business group employs 35,700 people and 93% of this amount is based in Australia. This report is divided into three main points, firstly, analyzing an ethical issue about safety flight on the base of airplanes maintenance. Secondly, evaluating the share price history and how the share price behavior, and finally, it gives a recommendation to the shareholders in order to acknowledge the company.
QANTAS ETHICAL EVALUATION
This report discusses the airline safety in terms of maintenance. Currently, companies search to increase profits and reduce costs; and a common way is downsizing in an operational process. Qantas reduces the maintenance staff to obtain a better performance and profits; however, it threatens passenger integrity due to the low-performance maintenance into airplanes.
Airlines Safety as an Ethical Issue
Qantas has reduced “500 engineering jobs in Sydney and Victoria”. In Sydney that happened because the airline believes that, it had an oversupply of line maintenance engineers. Lyell Strambi, who is Chief Executive of Qantas domestic operations, said that the cost of its heavy maintenance was more than 30% higher than other airlines, and Qantas needed to close the difference to ensure its “future viability”. The Australian Licensed Aircraft Engineers Associations said that the airplane maintenance has been affected by changes and reductions of maintenance staff without previous risk analysis. For example, in a Qantas flight, last year was found fatigue cracks a turbine on the Boeing 747-400 that led to an explosion in the aircraft motor while it was in the air, the aircraft landed safely and all passengers were safe. The company is the company that is reducing costs towards improving profits and make the company viable in the future; however, the decision to reduce maintenance costs and staff have affected flight safety thereby leaving at unnecessary risk to passengers. Finally, Qantas is currently involved in significant safety problems that have directly affected the client? s decision making.
QANTAS SHARE PRICE EVALUATION
Share Price Definition
The share price and the investment are the methods connected to “neoclassical investment models”, those models study the options that the company has to improve the performance in the future. The share price model is to analyze all aspects which cluster information about the future expectations of a company.
Share Price Behavior 2012
In terms of evaluating the Qantas share price, this report has been made on the base of price variances which are illustrated in the below chart. It can be analyzed through to the share market behavior and the period of time. Chart No. On the graph, the Y-axis indicates the share price in points and the Y-axis represents the period of time in months. The graph shows that since the beginnings of 2012 the QAN (Qantas Airways) share price rose slightly in 1. 800 points in March, then in April and May the share price fell slowly in 1. 00 points, after in mid-June, due to the massive downsizing, the share price decreased to reach less than 1000 points, however, at the end of June, the price increased rapidly in almost 1. 200. After the events in June, the share price has been slightly increasing over the six last months, and the current price is almost 1. 600 points.
Share Price History
This section of the report discusses the historical behavior of Qanta’s share price over the past five years. On the graph, the Y-axis indicates the share price in points and the Y-axis represents the period of time in years. The graph reports that the top of QAN share price over the last five years was in February 2008, when the price was above 4. 500 points. Then between 2008 and the beginnings 2009 the share price was decreasing slowly until 1.500 points, due to the economic crisis world, which affected the whole world stock market, from 2009 to late 2010 the price increased and got the maximum in 3. 000 points. In late 2010, Qantas had its first restructuring and started having maintenance failures and safety, which caused the share price to fall during the two years and it dropped by about 1. 000 points, however, it is beginning to rise now.
Recommendation
Qantas is one of the major companies in Australia, and also is an important part of the airline global industry. However, this report suggests that it is not an appropriate time to invest in this company, because the company is going through financial problems that have generated downsizing maintenance problems incurred in the flight safety. Shares price also has fallen due to the lack of credibility of the company by the market. Although the share price is rising slowly at the beginning of this year, the security problem continues. In addition, as suggestions, the company should organize priority the airplane maintenance process, in order to ensure aircraft operation and keep safe the people’s life. Finally, in relation to Qantas’ share price, it has been fluctuating in the periods where the company has made decisions without measuring risks, such as maintenance downsizing and outsourcing, therefore, the company must take into account the future consequences of its aking decisions.
Reference

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Andersen, M, Subbaraman, R, 1996.
Share prices and Investment, Economic Analysis Department, Reserve Bank of Australia, December, pp. 1-2. Crikey, 2012.
http://blogs.crikey.com.au/planetalking/2012/11/08/real-issues-behind-qantas-maintenance-job-loss-claims/.
Michelson, G, Wailes, N, Van Der Laan, S, Frost, G, 2004.
http://www.news.com.au/travel/news/fractured-blade-to-blame-for-qantas/story-e6frfq80-1226540282165, 18 December 2012.
http://www.qantas.com.au/travel/airlines/company/global/en Schwartz, M, 2003.
The Ethics of Ethical Investing, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 43, No. 3, March, pp. 195-213.

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