respond to these two discussions in your own word 7sentences each please
1. Socrates – Viewed by many today as the founding father of Western philosophy. Socrates was a significant force in regards to formulating much of the ideology about right and wrong that are still pondered to this day. Personally, I believe strong morals to be the backbone of any society. Because, with strong morals comes civility. And, naturally, with civility comes civilization.
2. Alexander the Great – A very progressive mind in the sense that he, in his city of Alexandria, united people with different religious beliefs to live peacefully among each other. Diversity is an extremely important thing for creating a fair, bustling, productive society and Alexandria served as a great early example of it
3. Solon – Solon’s acts as a mediator/lawmaker were heavily directed towards the people’s well being. Which is a fantastic impact to have, regardless of how small it might have been in comparison to his competitors in the top 2 spots of my list here. Solon was a true man of the people. A sentiment our own government does its best to strive for.ds
Pillars of Western Culture Collapse
The task of ranking Socrates, Alexander of Macedon, and Solon in regards to their influence on Western Culture is not an easy task. Each individual contributed in unique ways that can be mutually exclusive to one another. With this in mind, my estimation is as follows:
Alexander of Macedon
Socrates, even though there are questions about how much of his philosophical position we truly know, is arguably responsible for the idea of the scientific method as it applies to philosophy. His ideas would become refined by Plato and Aristotle however, the themes and concepts that Socrates would introduce would go on to become the backbone of ‘Western’ thought and ideation. Specifically, we can look at the Socratic Method of questioning, which is a fundamental element of moral philosophy, ethics, modern legal interpretation, and modern therapeutic techniques.
Alexander of Macedon comes in second, not by virtue that his accomplishments were somehow less than Socrates but rather different albeit less sustained than the contributions of Socrates. Alexander, having amassed the largest army known to the world at the time, conducted one of the most successful military campaigns in all of history. His campaign would unite and open parts of the world previously unable to migrate through. The consolidation of these regions would also allow for the great accumulation of information and knowledge in the ancient world prior to the Roman Empire. Observing the fabled city of Alexandria, the amount of knowledge and intelligence gathered into one place could only be rivaled by the advent of the internet today.
Lastly, the contributions of Solon cannot go unheralded. Solon is arguably the precursor to the Republic that we will study in Rome. His reforms, although largely considered unsuccessful when measuring their longevity, are the fundamental scaffolding for which a Democratic Republic is built around. His key idealistic contributions are: the creation of 4 political classes and thereby reducing the requirements for individuals to serve in public office, the elimination of debt slavery, the establishment of socioeconomic policy (increased trade and cultivation directives), and other tenants encouraging political and personal modesty (reforms on inheritance, and vigilante law enforcement).
The contributions of each individual are massive in the scope of their influence on ‘Western’ culture and ideology. If the measurement for impact is the longevity of their actions’ influence, I believe the ranking will hold true.
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