One of the biggest conditions that separate the Southern Colonies from the New England and Middle colonies, is that they used to have a lot of slavery. The first African-American slaves were brought into Virginia, at about 10 slaves per year. But, when the Virginians really needed slavery, they made it legal. By the 1680s, they were being shipped in legions and being received at about 6,000 slaves per year. In fact, each slave had a different value, based on their strengths.
Or example, a young, strong, healthy man would have a higher value than an older, weaker man. Even though colonists paid more money for better slaves, they earned it back in revenue. Many of the slaves worked for owners of agrarian businesses because the Southern Colonies had a farm economy. Some of the cash crops included rice, indigo, tobacco, sugarcane, and cotton. The soil in the South was perfect for farming and they had a longer growing season than in any other region.
The Middle colonies were also a great place for farming, and they were called the “breadbasket.” The colonies had an overall warm climate with hot summers and light winters. Their geography in the western regions was mountainous, while they also had hilly, coastal plains. The planters of the Tidewater region had the best land and power, considering that they formed an oligarchy; but, the yeoman farmers’ outspoken independence was a constant warning to them.
From 1770 to 1780, the southern colonies had an average population of 1,142,057. The majority of the population were Anglican, seeing that most of the original settlers from the Maryland colony were Catholic. Their economy wasn’t as diverse as the Middle colonies; but, they did have ethnic groups who were English, African and Native American. Do you know where the settlers lived when they couldn’t afford to live the plantation lifestyle? Well, they ended up moving further inland but it was very dangerous because of the wildlife and Native Americans. To keep themselves protected, they had to build forts.
You now know all about the three regions that made up the Thirteen Colonies, which included the New England, Middle and Southern colonies. You’ve also learned about each region’s economy, population, government, political life, climate, geography, and religion. I got my evidence from the Mcgraw Hill Education book titled, Discovering Our Past: A History of the United States, Early Years – Florida Edition 2018. If you ever get stopped on the street and are asked a question about the Thirteen colonies, you’ll be able to give them a marvelous answer!