American Revolution was key factor for setting up elementary and long lasting change in the values of Americans. During the period 1775-1800, the revolutionary war played a vital role in the drastic change of American society in each of the following sectors: the American economy due to increased taxation and inadequate money, the American legal system with its establishment of the Electoral College and constitution, and finally; the American culture with its ideas related to racial and gender discrimination.
Even though the revolutionary war lasted for only a few years, the Revolution itself lasted for more than a century and its impact can still be seen today. A lot of early settlers who had to go through great difficulties while distancing themselves from Britain for their freedom had a feeling of revolt. The revolutionary war greatly influenced the American society and finally resulted in an economically stable and independent country that has achieved victory in spite of facing many hardships. Impact of American Revolutionary War
By the time American Revolution came to an end, the American economy had extremely weakened because there was a dearth of currency and trade. This is opposite to the commonly held conviction that the economy of America flourished after the revolution due to the influx of taxes. Britain exported a huge amount of goods to American after the revolutionary war. This resulted in a great loss to the local American industries. Moreover in 1784, Spain blocked its Mississippi River to all of the American trade, and asserted for a part of land close to the Gulf of Mexico that had been actually allotted to America by Britain.
Not to forget this piece of land was given up by Britain in order to persuade America to stop coalition with France. America was discouraged from stopping its nation because of the restive Indians, who were really encouraged to do so by France and England. The Indians held up to Britain as they thought that if they would win in case, the development of America into the West would stop, and they would be able to save their Indian land. France claimed the money America had owed to France; nevertheless America was not stable enough economically to ay off their debts.
America said no to pay back the taxes. Still in the war, America had made their own currencies and tax barriers, as a result of which extra taxes were not privileged to citizens. Most of the states of America were doubtful regarding the taxes on good from other states. In few of the states, a lot of farmers were losing their land because they did not have the funds for these taxes. This problem caused the well-known “Shays’ Rebellion” in 1786, where citizens actually assaulted the tax collectors.
The terror of that kind of cruel violent behavior persisted and aggravated the fear of society. Due to the debts from the war, the British government forced more taxes on its American settlers, firstly on sugar in the “the Revenue Act”, then on all business deals involving paper in the “the Stamp Act”. Mostly in Virginia, people were protesting against these taxes. In 1764 the General Assembly officially concluded that only the Virginia House of Burgesses had the legal rights to tax the people o Virginia.
The upcoming resolutions and sanctions welcomed each of the new taxes imposed. In conditions of lawful concerns, the American Revolution significantly affected the American society with the formation of the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution and other official documents, in addition to the foundation of the Electoral College. The founding of the recent American democratic system greatly relied on these precious papers. The new Constitution was commenced in 1789, this was the time when the population was increasing at an astounding speed and public was adhering to the laws.
By 1791, America acquired a “Bill of Rights” that modified all the issues and is still followed today. Such official documents are still conserved today as they were prepared originally as the still have the same regard as lawful and ethical codes for society today. Due to the revolutionary war many people had to migrate to America and most of the early permanent colonists in America showed signs of preliminary hate for Britain when they went through the strenuous and lengthy migration to states. As the “Pennsylvania Packet” describes, America was the homeland of free people.
Despite the fact that the document is partial, as the author conveys intense hostility for Britain, it has helped in explaining the nationalism of the settlers who preferred the idea of democratic system and wanted to be free from Britain’s tyrannical rule. Conclusion The American Revolution had a greatly affected the American society in different ways. The war resulted in a weak economic system, suffering due to excessive migration of people to America, unemployment, taxes, debts and gender and racial discrimination.
But with the help of great political leaders and national heroes America was able to form the basis for its current Constitution and legal values, and encourage women and other races to fight for their rights. The well established Constitution was the main pillar towards the regeneration and development of the state without which the survival would have been impossible. Endnotes 1. Ward, Harry M. Between the Lines: Banditti of the American Revolution (Westport, Conn. , 2002), pg 311. 2. Kierner, Cynthia A. Southern Women in Revolution, 1776-1800: Personal and Political Narratives (Columbia, S.
C. , 1998), pg 176. 3. Wood, Betty. Gender, Race, and Rank in a Revolutionary Age: The Georgia Lowcountry, 1750-1820 (Athens, Ga. , 2000), pg 121. 4. Coulter, E. M. American Revolution: The Story of the Growth of a Tradition,” GHQ 39 (June 2003): 118-51. 5. Davis, Derek H. Society and the American Revolution. Journal of Church & State, 0021969X, 2001, Vol. 36, Issue 4, pg 19. 6. Ibid pg 23-27. 7. Hahn, Steven. The Effects of American Revolution. New Republic, 00286583, 2006, Vol. 235, Issue 6, pg 12. 8. Ibid pg 15-18. 9. Gross, Robert. Origins Of The American Revolution.
Virginia Quarterly Review, 0042675X, 2001, Vol. 77, Issue 1, pg 48. 10. Merrill Jensen, The Founding of a Nation: A History of the American Revolution, 1763-1776 (New York, 1999), pg 436-38. 11. Richard, Alden, The American Revolution, 1775-1783 (New York, 1997), pg 7. Bibliography Alden, K. A History of the American Revolution (New York, 1999), pg 325. Coulter, E. M. , American Revolution: The Story of the Growth of a Tradition,” GHQ 39 (June 2003): 118-51. Countryman, A. People in Revolution: The American Revolution and Political Society in New York, 1760-1780 (New York, 1999), pg 193.